ST ALBANS, Hertfordshire, Benedictine abbey of St Alban
R. M. Thomson, Manuscripts from St Albans Abbey 1066–1235 (Woodbridge 1982); R. W. Hunt, 'The library of the abbey of St Albans', in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts and Libraries: Essays presented to N. R. Ker (London 1978), 251–77.
Bale gave excerpts from the Indiculus of Walter the Chanter of c. 1180, in Bodl. Selden supra 64, printed by R. Sharpe & others, English Benedictine Libraries: the Shorter Catalogues, CBMLC 4 (1996), B85. List of books returned to St Albans from its cell at Hertford, 1396 x 1420, in Lambeth Palace, MS 420, printed ibid. B86. One leaf containing part of a list of books borrowed by certain monks, 1420 x 1437, is at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, among fragments taken from bindings; some pressmarks given; printed ibid. B87. List of books acquired in the time of Abbot John Whethamstede (1420–40) in BL MS Arundel 34, printed ibid. B88. Burnt fragments of booklists of Abbot John Whethamstede in BL MS Cotton Otho B. iv, printed ibid. B89. Bale made excerpts from a booklist of Abbot John Whethamstede, perhaps the former, printed ibid. B90. List of titles noted by Leland, printed ibid. B91. The Registrum Anglie reported 362 titles from the library (see R. H. Rouse & M. A. Rouse, CBMLC 2 (1991), 255–9).
The 15th-cent. pressmark refers to the cupboards (armariola) A, B, C, D, usually also to the number of the shelf in the cupbord and sometimes to the number of the book on the shelf. The shelf-mark is sometimes written inside the cupboard-letter. Two liturgical books are marked 'de armariolo in choro' and eleven books 'de studio abbatis'. Common forms of ex libris inscriptions are 'Hic est liber sancti Albani quem qui abstulerit aut titulum deleuerit anathema sit', often in red ink, and 'Hunc librum dedit . . . Deo et ecclesie sancti Albani', followed by an anathema.
Cf. cells at BELVOIR, HATFIELD PEVEREL, HERTFORD, REDBOURN, TYNEMOUTH, WALLINGFORD, WYMONDHAM, and dependent hermitage at MARKYATE.